Inter-ethnic Relations in the Republic of Macedonia as a Priority or Deficiencies in the Process of Building Democratic Institutions

  • Abstract:

    After the dissolution of former Yugoslavia and the changes in the economic and political system in Republic of Macedonia, a new  democratic system should be established based on equal ethnic and cultural rights, where the human rights and their freedom, as well as the rights of ethnic groups would be respected. Macedonia presents a society deeply divided between two major communities: Macedonian and Albanian, including ethnic, linguistic, religious and social differences. After the referendum for independence and approval of Constitution in 1991, Macedonia was built as national state, and this has produced significant ethnic problems including our neighbors. In the year 2001 in the Republic of Macedonia we had an armed conflict which resulted with the signing of the Ohrid Framework Agreement. Interethnic relations present the pillars of security and stability of the state and this is an assessment of local and international political factors. A  pillar of the agreement was the  compromise reached for Republic of Macedonia as a unitary state, but with significant elements of decentralization as legal and political instrument providing solutions for inter-ethnic problems. The Ohrid Framework Agreement does not present an ideal solution and does not meet all the requirements of Albanians of equality in all segments of life, but it was supposed to present a step forward in advancing the rights of Albanians in segments that affect cultural, educational and linguistic interests.Inter-ethnic relations, disputes with neighbors, functioning of democratic institutions and rule of law, absent political and economical reforms complete the mosaic why Republic of Macedonia is lagging behind in EU integration processes.