The Role of Secession in the Theory of Anarchy: Deconstruction of Collective Identities

  • Abstract:

    In this paper I will analyze the concept of secession in the contemporary theory of political anarchy, as suggested by Murray Rothbard and his followers, as a concept of deconstruction of wider collective identities. Secessionist movements have a fundamental support from the anarchistic theory, because any case and situation of secession leads to reduction of the state sovereignty as a consequence. Having in mind that theory of anarchy claims that concept of the state sovereignty [as a monopoly of legitimate force] and moral autonomy of person are in fundamental contradiction, follows that secession leads to growth of liberty and protection of moral autonomy. This kind of political theory, obviously means specific model of identity; namely deconstruction of collective identities not only to the smaller entities, but to the individual itself. If we accept anarchy as a political model, we cannot stop at one level, for example region, federal unit, even city [polis] etc. Such decision is always arbitrary. Consequently, theory of anarchy leads us to the “secession from the secessionist”, and, finally to the individual existence. Of course, human being is zoon politikon, and some kind of political community is necessity. But basic “political” fact is “Solitary Man”, an individual.