Disinformation of Historical Stratification Through Reconstruction

    • Cover Photo
    • Presentation speakers
      • Hande Tunç, Faculty of Architecture and Design, Özyeğin University, Turkey


    The memory, which is defined as collecting, storing and recalling information in psychology, maintains its continuity through the transfer of memories. While maintaining this continuity, the memories placed in memory through various symbols are powered from the places when they are trying to be remembered to be transmitted. According to Halbwachs (1992), historiography emerges at the point where the past has not been memorized and the social memory has disappeared; attempting to conceive the past for communities that lost connection between their past and present. In such a case, the task of a historian in its simplest form is to place spatial reminiscences on historical halts. Because of this tangled relationship between object, memory, and history; the history of architecture witness reconstruction activities after major traumas. Reconstruction, as a societal battle tool against pain through the attachment of memories to physical objects, obstructs overcoming the traumas that can only be beaten through confrontation and lead to the manipulation of the historical layers defined by the historian. Such reconstruction activities, which are actualized in line with cultural and political aims can change the perception of history, sometimes leading to erosion in cumulative historical awareness by shifting the orbit of the past. The aim of this work is to focus on how historical stratification and memory disinformation might be created by reconstruction studies, in which historical structures are not approached as layers of interwoven memories and a selected historical layer is revealed due to political, cultural or social purposes. While the samples of study can be expanded, this study will discuss only the impact of historical stratification and social memory in the above-mentioned theoretical framework in the selection of the reconstructed layer through Dresden Frauenkirche historical process and reconstruction studies.