Ethnic Heterogeneity of “Greater Romania”: The Ethnic Element in Romania’s Memory and Identity since the Second World War to the Post-Communist Period

  • Abstract:

    This paper looks at how the ethnic heterogeneity of Romanian society during the inter-wars years had affected the development of the “Romanization Policy” by the Romanian government, and how it subsequently appears at the historical narratives of the Communist and Post-communist research. This paper will analyze the ways in which the Romanian historical research had dealt with the Ethnic heterogeneity of “Greater Romania” after the Second World War during – by focusing on one of the many ethnic groups, which had been subjected to fatal changes by the “Ethnic Policies” of the Romanian Government: The Jewish-Ethnic population. The importance of reviewing this ethnic group lays not only in the horrifying historical events of the World War II and the Holocaust or later-on during the Communist regime, but also in the current significant it has in present-days Romanian Foreign Policy, its acceptance to the EU etc. This paper will analyze the ways in which the Ethnic heterogeneity (and especially the Jewish group) of “Greater Romania” had appeared in the historical research of the Communist period. Then subsequently the article will continue into a comparison- examination of the changes, which occurred in the Post-communist Era and analyze the unique characteristics of the historical research regarding the issue of Romanian Identity after 1989, with the rebirth of Romanian nationalism and its effects on Romanian place in the International community.