Following the Origins of Art Video: Artist and New Techniques in European Art

    • Ioana Predescu
    • Presentation speakers
      • Ioana Predescu, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris


    There are voices saying that the Fluxus movement has emerged in the early sixties in the United States as a result of the Vietnam War, others say that it was born in Europe, more precisely a Wiesbaden in Germany, during the music festival founded. Some researchers attribute the emergence of video art in the events that preceded the development in the technical field (in 1965, Sony launches on the U.S. market the first video recorder, the Portapak, which later becomes a central instrument in the hands of some video artists). However, in my opinion, the birth of a new art, or a new attitude as it was named by its creators, never has a single origin, especially when art and techniques go together. Fluxus is an important moment in the European art’s history, and not only. The idea of a group of people of all nationalities, who are not artists in the classical sense (among them we found industrialists, engineers or architects) aiming to create a global art by the use of the Medias in the art process. With Nam June Paik, John Cage, Vostell, the status of the artist is no longer associated with the museum, but with the world in general, a world in which political boundaries are not identical with those of culture. In this article, I would like to retrace the historic events that made possible the birth of video art in Europe, pointing out the importance of media development.  Not only that Fluxus was a revolutionary form in the history of art, but it also announced the social effects of globalisation.