Migration Outsourcing Management: Challenges and Perspectives of Usage in XXI Century

    • EUPE_BRUGES_2019
    • Presentation speakers
      • Iryna Sofinska, National University ‘Lviv Polytechnic’, Ukraine


    Migration is a real megatrend of modern entirely politicized life, shaking up the global world, contesting national sovereignty and manifesting urgent necessity to rethink citizenship-related issues. Regional political movements throughout Europe (Scotland, Crimea, Catalonia, and Lombardy), refugee collapse (Hungary, Italy, Poland), outsourcing asylum are up-to-date questions regarding citizenship, migration, and integration into the European Union. Migration might be understood to be a potential danger to sovereignty by reducing the value of citizenship of donor country as well as by enriching it of the country of destination. But what about countries on migration transit route to the European Union? The proposal to offer migrants some legal opportunities to apply for visas or asylum in transit and origin countries out of the EU “frontline” states (so-called outsourcing asylum) seems to be a real pathway, gate-keeping mechanism, political and legal instrument to reduce the increasing flow of migrants and asylum seekers but not to stop migration to Europe. This gate-keeping mechanism might help to sort wanted migrants from unwanted not inside the EU, but in non-EU “frontline” states. This case is about national sovereignty and state security, but about human rights protection as such. The final aim of every migrant not only to reside freely in destination country but also to acquire citizenship, to feel as a citizen, to have rights and privileges having been integrated into host society what makes the big difference between citizens and non-citizens (foreigners, migrants, stateless persons, refugees, asylum seekers), etc. In the successful situation, migrants (such newcomers) possess dual citizenship what helps them not to lose the link with the country of origin and simultaneously to establish a new one with recipient country and to become a member of the modern society. What about the potential danger to sovereignty caused by dual citizenship?