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Spenser’s Lacanian Assault on the Classical Hero
- Vincent Mennella, Lone Star College, USA
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In a letter to Sir Walter Raleigh, Spenser states that the thesis of The Faerie Queene was to “fashion a gentleman or noble person in vertuous and gentle discipline (A Letter of the Authors 402).” As Stephen Greenblatt observes, the fashioning of the self was not unique to the Renaissance, but the practice had undergone a significant reduction in its autonomy (Renaissance Self-Fashioning 1). The firmly entrenched institutions of the church, the family, and the crown now played a more significant role in self-fashioning than they were able to do so in the past. However, Greenblatt invokes the Newtonian principle: for each and every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. The assault on the autonomy of self-fashioning during the period of the Renaissance is the observable effect of the newfound importance of autonomous self-fashioning (2). The focus of my research is on the role of the Renaissance hero in self-fashioning. As Greenblatt notes, “self-fashioning is achieved in relation to something perceived as alien, strange, or hostile (9).” The classical hero represents autonomous self-fashioning entirely apart from the influences of church, crown, and family in favor of the hero’s divine origin. For that reason, I argue that it is not those social forces but the classical hero who is continuously under assault in the work of Spenser. As Greenblatt claims, “When one authority or alien is destroyed, another takes its place (9).” In the vanquishing of the classical hero, there is the birth of the Renaissance hero. In Spenser’s epic, the vanquishing of the classical hero and the birth of the Renaissance hero is best demonstrated by Redcrosse Knight’s Lacanian mirror stage. The events in Book I present Redcrosse Knight with gestalt images of his virtue, faith (as well as its opposite), that are more constituent than constituted. In response to those appearances, Redcrosse Knight fashions a Lacanian imago that shows the world the gentle deeds by which his gentle mind is known.
Works Cited: Greenblatt, Stephen. Renaissance Self-Fashioning. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1980. Print. Spenser, Edmund. A Letter of the Authors. Poetry. Ed. Anne Lake Prescott and Andrew D. Hadfield. 4th ed. New York: Norton. 2014. Print.