Albania: The Analysis over the Past and the Future Government of this Small and Important Balkan Country

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    • Presentation speakers
      • Kestrina Peza, Institute of Near Eastern and African Studies at Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic

    Albania is a very important country in the Balkan region. It showed its importance during the Kosovo crisis of 1998/1999 and later on during the Macedonian crisis of 2001/2002. This small country showed a devotion to the peacekeeping process in the Balkan. Albania during the wars in ex Yugoslavia always declared that it had no intention to create a big country with all Albanians in the region, but will take care and fight for the rights of the Albanians outside the state of Albania. This behaviour granted Albania the membership in NATO in 2009.
    Therefore it was a big surprise for the world politics and Albanians themselves when the PM Sali Berisha came out in November 2012 during the celebrations of 100th Anniversary of the Albanian state with the statement of gathering together all Albanians in the region within one state. It is obvious that when a country is facing an economic crisis and the politicians cannot solve it, the best tool to be used is nationalism; that type of nationalism that brought Europe in two world wars and the war in Yugoslavia in the 20th century. Balkan was and is a turmoil in the Balkan region, but Albanians in Albania did not let themselves to be manipulated by nationalistic statements. They showed that in the elections of 2013, when Democratic Party of Sali Berisha lost. The new PM Edi Rama is from the Socialist Party and will be leading the country that is facing the global economic crisis, very high governmental debt (around 70%), high level of corruption, high level of unemployment etc. My presentation will focus on the analysis of the Sali Berisha´s government during the past eight years, his achievements and mistakes, and what mistakes new PM Edi Rama should avoid in order for Albania to become a EU member.